Jamaican Beef Patties $3.00
These flaky Jamaican meat patties are filled with curried ground beef, onion, garlic, and Scotch bonnet pepper, plus a slew of aromatic herbs and spices. The patties are cooked until golden in the oven?eating them is almost as good as an actual trip to Jamaica.
What is it?
?The Patty is a?pastry?that contains various?fillings?and spices baked inside a flaky shell, often tinted golden yellow with an egg yolk mixture or?turmeric. It is made like a?turnover, but is more savory and filled with meat. As its name suggests, it is commonly found in?Jamaica?and is also eaten in other areas of the?Caribbean, such as the Caribbean coast of?Nicaragua?and?Costa Rica. It is traditionally filled with seasoned?ground beef, but fillings can include?chicken,?pork,?lamb,?vegetables,?shrimp,?lobster,?fish,?soy,?ackee, mixed greens, or?cheese. In Jamaica, the Patty is often eaten as a full meal, especially when paired with?coco bread. It can also be made as bite-sized portions called cocktail patties. Among the Jamaican diaspora in the UK, the pastry is more like that of a suet crust and often made with margarine or butter, which provides the flaky pastry, and curry powder containing turmeric, which provides the?
The beef patty is a product of?colonialism?and?migration?developed after the introduction of the Cornish?pasty?in the Caribbean, mixed with cumin and curry seasonings of Indian indentured servants in Jamaica and cayenne pepper from African slaves. “The firecracker taste of the?Scotch bonnet, a hot pepper indigenous to Jamaica, sealed the flavor.”?
Jamaicans brought recipes for the patties northward in the 1960s and 1970s and thereafter went to the United States as hospital orderlies, home health aides, and nurses. The patties were then found in restaurants in areas of the?New York Metropolitan Area?with high?West Indian?populations. The patties are equally famous in UK cities with large West Indian communities, such as?Birmingham?Manchester, and?London.?
Why the Patty?
Their popularity is spreading in the UK, and they are becoming available in many mainstream outlets. They are also popular in?Toronto,?Montreal,?Washington, DC, and numerous other areas throughout the American northeast and Canadian?Great Lakes regions; in many of those areas, they are available in grocery stores, delis, corner stores, and convenience stores. In recent years, the Jamaican meat patty has been pre-made and frozen for mass selling in Britain, Canada, and the United States.
In many areas in Canada and in the United States, Jamaican beef patties are now typically available at pizza and convenience food restaurants, as well as supermarkets.